The main areas of problems in India in case of vocational courses are following:
1. There is a high rate of dropouts at the secondary level in India.
2. Vocational education is offered to +1 and +2 grade only.
3. Less number of vocational institutes in the country.
4. Not an adequate number of training faculty.
5. Lacking introduction of new sectors in vocational education and courses.
6. Shortage of skilled teachers in the country.
Vocational education or skill-based education which enables students to acquire skills in a specific occupation or business. It is also known as Technical Education. Vocational education prepares individuals for jobs that are related to practical activities. In India, it is believed that education is the key to nation building. In a country like India where human resource is available in abundance, the need only is to provide a right path.
The aim of vocational courses is "EARN WHILE YOU LEARN."
Vocational courses will be helpful in increasing the number of skilled workforce in the country which will lead to fast developing of the economy. To do this there must be proper training to be provided to them with proper equipment's. in a country like India where there is a shortage of skilled workforce and has become the main reason for unemployment in the country there vocational education or the skill-based education will be very helpful in removing the unemployment from the economy. In India, vocational courses are of two types full time or part-time. Full-time training is mostly provided in Industrial Training Institute and part-time is provided at the board of State Technical Education but eventually, vocational education has been only successful in Industrial sector only and that only in engineering sector only.
Institutes like Tata Institute of Social Sciences have taken a right step in this regard, by
launching various Skill Development Programs. RMS based in Chandigarh provides graduate and post graduate programs and build management skills. It ensures that students are more employable and reach their true potential.
Following are the some of the courses offered by the government:
1. UDAAN: It is a vocational education system designed for the students of the Northern region of India. Under this training is provided to them in sectors like IT, BPO and Retail. It is for 5 years.
2. POLYTECHNIS: It is a 3 years diploma course in subjects such as engineering and computer science. The minimum eligibility for this course or training program is secondary level.
3. PARVAAZ: The aim of this course is to provide training and develop skills of those students who are dropouts, left outs or minority students.
Vocational courses and education are at the developing stage in India and government are too focusing on it. The future of vocational courses looks very bright in the country as there is a lot of human resource in the country. The need is to make people aware of the need for these vocational courses moreover people are required to be told about the scope these skill development courses available.
There are few private institutes in India providing vocational education but these are not recognised by the government so the first step to being taken for development of the vocational education should be recognition given by the government to these private institutions.
There is no doubt that vocational education is the future of the of the country as it will remove the biggest hurdle in the development of the country which is unemployment so, in India vocational education is yet to be recognised properly but it will be huge helping hand in the development of the economy.